Since 1979, the Boston Terrier has been the official state dog of Massachusetts. However, he has been around for much longer than that. In 1870, crossbreeding between English Terriers and English Bulldogs led to a few new breeds. Two of these resulting dogs were bred together and led to the Boston Terrier.
We have Robert C. Hooper, a resident of Boston in 1870, to thank for the Boston Terrier breed. He bred his dog, Hooper’s Judge, with a white female. The result was a Boston Terrier puppy. Although the current name did not come about until much later, the result was the naming of this new breed as the Boston Terrier. In 1889, several owners who doted on their pets formed a club, the American Bull Terrier Club. At the time, owners of Bull Terriers and Bulldogs kicked up such a fuss that the club had to change their name. This is when the Boston Terrier got his name.
Originally bred for fighting, the Boston Terrier is now bred mainly for companionship or competitive showing. In fact, it took years of breeding to produce the specific features of the Boston Terrier as he is today. This small dog gives a compact appearance with his short snout, square jaw, and square skull. Additionally, everything about him seems to be small- his tail, head, and legs. Pointed ears and round eyes set far apart complete this adorable picture.
Known for a friendly nature, the Boston Terrier does well with families or individuals living in small apartments. Intelligent, easy to train, alert, loyal, and loveable are only some of the words that can be used to describe this breed from the time he is a puppy until he grows into a mature adult dog. Unfortunately, Boston Terrier dogs are plagued with sensitivity to temperature changes and skin ailments.
Quite popular during the years prior to the Great Depression, the Boston Terrier dog does display some aggression toward other breeds. However, on the other hand, he is an excellent watchdog, that is ready to protect his family despite his small size.
The colouring of this breed is typically black with white markings, brindle with white markings, or seal, a reddish-black colouring. This colouring makes the Boston Terrier quite a distinctive looking dog. Additionally, very little grooming is required and very little shedding is evident. This makes him an easy pet to keep.
Young puppies require more exercise than their adult counterparts. Moderate exercise such as a long walk or plenty of playtime are recommended on a weekly if not daily basis starting form the time he is a puppy. However, since this breed is also prone to respiratory problems, it is important to keep an eye on him while he is exercising and to avoid overexertion on his part, especially during hot days.
With an average lifespan of 10 to 15 years, the Boston Terrier does quite well despite tendencies to develop glaucoma, cataracts, hypothyroidism, allergic dermatitis, and cardiovascular problems. Recognised by the Kennel Club in 1893, this breed of dog is bound to continue being popular with families and single adults for a long time.